What exactly is cardio exercise?

If you have ever tried or started any exercise program, session or class, “cardio” is probably one of the top words that are emphasized on. If you are trying to lose weight, get healthier or fit, one of the key components is cardio. It basically helps to improve the conditions and strength of your heart and lungs, it also helps build up your stamina and endurance during workouts or simply helps you burn a few calories to help one lose weight. So cardio is basically a rhythmic activity that increases your heart rate to your target heart rate; this rate is the zone where you will burn most of your calories and fat.


The benefits of cardiovascular fitness

  • It helps with weight loss. Is other words, it burns fats and calories
  • It increases the capacity of your lungs and helps with your breathing
  • It can help with depression and anxiety, as it provides relief and clears up your mind
  • It helps reduce risk of heart attacks, strokes and prevents many heart diseases
  • It reduces the risk of cloistral and diabetes
  • Its reduces the risk if certain kinds of cancer 
  • It makes your heart stronger so that there is no strain on it and it doesn’t have to work as hard to produce blood
  • It helps you get better sleep and reduces sleep deprivation and insomnia 
  • It helps have a better digestive track
  • It reduces your stress level 
  • It increases your metabolism 
  • It helps boost your confidence level and increases esteem levels
  • It helps increase bone density and body flexibility 


Choosing which cardio exercise is best for you

  • When it comes to cardiovascular exercises, almost any physical movement or activity is good for you as long as it gets your current heart rate to your required heart rate zone.
  • Chose something that fits your personality, for example, if you like the outdoors then chose something like running, jogging or cycling. 
  • Chose something that is most convenient for you. If you have a gym close to your house or workplace, fix a time according to your schedule and use the machine like a treadmill, climbers, rowing machines, stationary cycle or elliptical for an at least 30 minutes.
  • If you prefer to work out at home, you could obviously use the treadmill or an elliptical trainer if you have one and if you don’t there are many simple body exercises too, like: 


  • Exercise videos that show you a whole cardio workout session
  • Fitness apps that give you daily work out a plan that variants and increases intensity accordingly 
  • A number of home cardio exercises like Jumping jacks, burpees, jumping rope (with a skipping rope) and jogging in place.  


The reality 

It is not always easy to make the time or build up endurance and conditions. It may take a few weeks or a month, but don’t give up. If you have a busy schedule or other obstacles, try and squeeze in shorter workouts for even 10 to 20 minutes, even if it’s only three or four times a week and remember that some exercise or cardio is always better than no exercise at all.